Right Whale Critical Habitat Expanded
February 3, 2016
NOAA Fisheries is expanding critical habitat for endangered North Atlantic right whales to cover the species’ northeast feeding areas in the Gulf of Maine/Georges Bank region and southeast calving grounds from North Carolina to Florida.
This final rule, which was initially proposed in February 2015 and received 261 general comments over a 60-day comment period, does not include any new restrictions or management measures for commercial fishing operations.
This rule is based on 35 years of aircraft and ship surveys of right whale distribution, research into foraging and prey availability to better understand right whale movements and life history. Together, these data have provided a more robust understanding of the factors critical to species recovery. Based on this information and public comments, NOAA scientists and managers determined a critical habitat expansion associated with feeding in the North and calving in the South is necessary for species recovery.
“With two decades of new information and improved understanding since we first designated critical habitat for the species, we believe the expansion will further protect essential foraging and calving areas to further improve recovery of this animal,” said Eileen Sobeck, assistant NOAA administrator for NOAA Fisheries. “We’re making significant progress in reversing the population decline of the species, and are seeing signs of recovery—up to about 500 animals from the estimated 300 in 1994. But we still have a long way to get to complete recovery.”